Know Your Solar Power!
The TDSB has 351 buildings with solar panel installations, with a total of 38,357 kW of carbon neutral power generation! Over 1 year that works out to about 59,851,304 kWh of electricity, enough to power about 6,300 homes*!
* (Toronto Hydro estimates the average home uses 9,500 kWh per year)
Solar Energy - Key Terms
- Kilowatt-hour (kWh): unit of energy equal to 1 kW of power sustained for 1 hour. More info
- Carbon offset: a reduction of the carbon emissions normally produced by non-renewable sources. More info
- Derate Factor: a factor used with all solar installations to account for electrical and efficiency losses in the entire system (e.g. dust and snow on panels, general climate, and panel age). More info
- Marginal Emissions Factor (MEF): takes into account the average CO2 produced by all electrical generation, especially at peak times. More info
Calculate energy generated at a Solar School
The formula to calculate energy generation is:
|size of system in kW
||derate factor* of 0.75
||# of hours of sun/day
||= total kWh
|For our panels (in Toronto, we get about 5.7 hours of sun a day on average) that works out to:
Can you calculate how much your school's panels generate?
(Use the table on the Solar School page to find the kW rating for your panels.)
* (The derate factor of the system at your school may be different.)
Calculate CO2 reduction at a Solar School
The formula to calculate CO2 reduction is:
||MEF* in g CO2e per kWh
||= total gCO2e
|For our panels that works out to:
||= 8,020,074,719 gCO2e
When we divide by 1,000 to get kilograms, we get 8,020,075 kg CO2
reduced in one year!
In this case, we should divide by 1,000,000 to convert to tonnes, and get 8,020 tonnes CO2
. As a Board, that's not bad!
Calculate what your school reduction in CO2 is from your solar panels! Use both your calculations to fill in the bubbles on your Solar Poster (see below).
* (In Ontario, we have a respectable MEF of 134 g CO2e per kWh. For comparison, in Massachusetts, their MEF is 384 g CO2e per kWh.)
Promote your Solar Power and Climate Action in your Community
Download an 11" x 17" Solar School poster for your school and promote your solar energy generation and carbon offset. For a 24" x 32" glossy poster contact Chris.Metropolis@tdsb.on.ca, if your school doesn't have one.
Find out more about solar energy and greenhouse gas emissions: